Studies and employment promotion measures
You can study during unemployment or a temporary lay-off and claim the earnings-related allowance when you have agreed upon the studies with the TE Office. All studies during unemployment must be agreed upon with the TE Office before the start of the studies.
|Employment promotion measures|
|Obligation to apply for education for under 25-year-olds|
Report to the TE Office of your studies. If the TE Office determines you as a full-time student, you cannot receive earnings-related allowance from the unemployment fund.
You can apply for the earnings-related allowance, if you participate in an employment promotion measure or if you study part-time. Ask for other study-time benefits from Kela, and from TE Office’s website you will find more information about studying during unemployment.
You can apply for earnings-related allowance during part-time studies, because they not prevent you from receiving a job. The TE Office decides, whether you are deemed as a part-time student and submits a statement to the unemployment fund. Contact your TE Office well before you start the studies.
If you are studying part-time, report this in the daily account of the allowance application. Mark the days that you have studied part-time as “unemployed”. During part-time studies you are not entitled to increased daily allowance or expense allowance.
You can study and receive earnings-related allowance for half a year, if you are at least 25 years old and the studies enhance vocational skills or promote entrepreneurship. If your studies have been interrupted earlier and it has not been over a year of this, you can apply for the allowance for half a year in order to complete your studies.
During short-term studies, you have the obligation to seek and receive jobs as well as participate in employment promotion measures, if they are offered to you.
TE Office makes the statement to the unemployment fund of short-term studies. Contact your TE Office well before you start the studies.
During the employment promotion measures agreed upon with the TE Office, you are paid the earnings-related allowance and the paid allowance days are counted towards the maximum period of the earnings-related allowance. In addition to a daily allowance, an expense allowance is paid for the period of employment promotion measures to compensate for travel and upkeep costs.
Employment promotion measures include:
- labour market training;
- independent study;
- training in job seeking;
- work trials; and
- career training.
You can claim daily allowance during employment promotion measures even if you would not be entitled to it as an unemployed person due to a waiting period or a suspension period during which you are not entitled to unemployment benefits. Other restrictions to the payment of daily allowance are valid also during employment promotion measures.
Increased daily allowance during employment promotion measures
During employment promotion measures, you may be entitled to increased daily allowance for a maximum of 200 days if you meet the requirements. An increased earnings-related component may also be paid out for the time between employment promotion measures agreed upon in the plan for employment if the interval between the measures is no more than seven calendar days.
Upon fulfilling the employment condition again, the payment of an increased earnings-related component during measures can also be started from the beginning.
The increased earnings-related component amounts to 55% of the difference between the daily wage and the basic component. If your monthly salary exceeds EUR 3,197.70 per month, the increased earnings-related component is 25% for the exceeding amount. Increased earnings-related allowance with child increases may not exceed the amount of daily wage on which the allowance is based, but it is at least equal to the basic unemployment benefit amount with child increases.
Expense allowance is paid for the period of employment promotion measures to compensate for travel and upkeep costs. Expense allowance is EUR 9 per day and it is tax-free income. Expense allowance is paid for the participation days in an employment promotion measure, up to five days per week.
No expense allowance is paid for holiday periods or days of absence during training. No expense allowance is paid during independent studies.
Increased expense allowance is EUR 18 per day and you can claim it if your training takes place outside the employment area. Increased expense allowance is also paid out if your training takes place outside your municipality of residence or you have to pay for accommodation.
During participation in training organised abroad, expense allowance that amounts to half of the per diem allowance for state civil servants paid based on an official journey to that country is paid. Participants in the training organised by the Arctic Region Foundation of Vocational Training (NORD) are paid an expense allowance of EUR 16.82 per day.
Fulfilling the employment condition during labour market training and independent studies
When the employment condition is fulfilled again during labour market training or independent studies, the amount of the daily allowance will not be recalculated and the counting of the maximum period will not start from the beginning. If you reach the maximum period during training, your entitlement to earnings-related allowance ends. You can apply for labour market subsidy from Kela until the end of the training.
After training, you can claim earnings-related allowance again based on unemployment if you have fulfilled the employment condition. The maximum payment period of daily allowance then starts from the beginning, the amount of daily allowance is recalculated and a new waiting period of five days is set.
Absences from employment promotion measures
During labour market training and independent studies, you are paid daily allowance also for days of absence. In other measures, the daily allowance is not paid for days of absence unless the absence is due to a job interview, incapacity for work or illness of a child under 10 years of age lasting a maximum of four days. During labour market training and independent studies, expense allowance and an increased earnings-related component are paid also for days of absence, excluding holiday periods. In other measures, no expense allowance is paid for days of absence. Report days of absence in the daily allowance application.
Applying for daily allowance during employment promotion measures
Daily allowance is applied for in periods of four calendar weeks for the measure period.
Enter the name of the measure under the participation days in the daily allowance application for the period of an employment promotion measure. Do not include hourly information. Also indicate the holiday periods and days of absence included in the training. If the absence is due to a job interview, incapacity for work or illness of a child under 10 years of age, enter the reason for the absence on the application.
You do not need to separately apply for an increased daily allowance or expense allowance.
Effects of temporary changes in unemployment security to employment promotion measures
Right to unemployment security will exceptionally remain even if the job seeker has dropped out from a service that promotes employment due to coronavirus. The change is in effect from 16 of March to 31 of December 2020.
Until the end of the year, TE Office can make exemptions on how the independent studies of a job seeker have progressed and give extra time, if the studies have been delayed due to coronavirus. This is in effect from 1 of August to 31 of December 2020.
Read more about the temporary changes to unemployment security here.
A young person that is under 25 years old cannot claim for unemployment benefit, if he/she has not applied for at least two study places that would start the next fall.
Study place must be applied for, if the person has not completed a study degree providing vocational skills after comprehensive school or high school. In addition, a refusal to accept a study place or abandoning studies may lead to loss of unemployment benefits.
Obligation applies even if the 25-year-old has fulfilled the employment condition for earnings-related allowance. However, it is possible to receive daily allowance during a service that promotes employment, such as labor market training or job trial. Participating in a service that promotes employment does not, however, substitute the obligation to apply for a study place.
The studies do not need to be included in the joint application, but it must lead to a degree. For instance, studies that only prepare or train for vocational studies will not suffice.
It is possible to substitute the obligation to apply for study places, if it has been agreed with the TE Office in the employment plan. These exceptions are usually accepted, if they are caused by state of health or learning problems.
No right to unemployment benefit exists until the young person turns 25 years, he/she completes a degree, or participates, for instance, in a service that promotes employment for at least 21 calendar weeks.
If you have not yet turned 25 years, you do not have a degree after comprehensive school or high school and you are, for instance, temporarily employed, remember to apply for at least two study places that would start in the fall already during your employment period.
For more information on joint application and study options, visit Studyinfo.
If you are unsure of your own situation, ask more about the obligation to apply for study places and about the possible study places that are still open to applications from the TE Office’s education service, tel. +358 295 020 702. You can also check if you could find the answer from the TE Office’s website.
NB! When the temporary changes in unemployment legislation are in effect, this obligation is not examined until 31 of December 2020.